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Prospective cohort study of the circadian rhythm pattern in allogeneic sibling donors undergoing standard granulocyte colony-stimulating factor mobilization

Patricia A Shi1*, Luis M Isola1, Janice L Gabrilove1, Erin L Moshier2, James H Godbold2, Lorraine K Miller1 and Paul S Frenette3

Author Affiliations

1 Tisch Cancer Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1190 5th Avenue, New York, NY, 10029, USA

2 Department of Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY, 10029, USA

3 Ruth L. and David S. Gottesman Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1301 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA

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Stem Cell Research & Therapy 2013, 4:30  doi:10.1186/scrt180

Published: 20 March 2013



Prior in vivo murine studies suggest circadian oscillations for hematopoietic stem cell release, which are maintained following administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) or plerixafor. Furthermore, retrospective data analysis of healthy donors who underwent G-CSF-induced mobilization demonstrated significantly increased CD34+ cell yields when collected in the afternoon compared with the morning.


A prospective study was conducted to directly examine the number of peripheral blood CD34+ and CD34+CD38 progenitor/stem cells at baseline and then every 6 hours for 24 hours on days 4 to 5 of G-CSF (10 μg/kg/day in the morning) mobilization in 11 allogeneic donors. Data were analyzed using mixed-model analysis of repeated measures.


Whereas we observed a significant increase in CD34+ cell counts toward the evening, counts were then sustained on the morning of day 5. The correlation between CD34+CD38 cell counts and the less defined CD34+ populations was weak.


Our results suggest that the pharmacodynamic activity and timing of G-CSF may alter endogenous progenitor rhythms. Donor age, medical history, and medications may also impact circadian rhythm. Further studies should examine the circadian rhythm at the peak of G-CSF mobilization and should consider potential confounders such as the time of G-CSF administration and the age of the subjects.

Antigens; CD34; Antigens; CD38; Circadian rhythm; Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor; Hematopoietic progenitor cells; Hematopoietic stem cell mobilization